Medications for Multiple Sclerosis and Risk of Malignancy: What Next?

Daniel B. Horton, Anthony T. Reder

Publication Date: 06/02/2021

Many autoimmune diseases confer a higher risk of cancer on patients compared to the general population. A controversial factor tying autoimmune diseases to malignancy is harm from immunosuppressive treatment. Nonetheless, multiple sclerosis is different from other autoimmune diseases, and findings from other disease populations may not apply. In this issue of Neurotherapeutics, Dolladile and colleagues from France present new evidence about the risks of cancers in patients with multiple sclerosis treated with disease-modifying therapies based on analyses of spontaneous reporting data. This commentary discusses the context, limitations, and implications of these findings.