Religiosity Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults in the Greater Chicago Area—Findings From the PINE Study

Xinqi Dong, Manrui Zhang

Publication Date: 10/01/2015

Background: Religiosity influences health and well-being. We assessed religiosity among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Data were drawn from the PINE study based on 3,159 community-dwelling U.S. Chinese older adults aged 60+ in the greater Chicago area. Two items retrieved from Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) were used to assess the frequency of participating in religious activities, and a separate item was used to assess the importance of religion. Results: Overall, 35.4% of participants perceived religion to be important. This study correlated the higher frequency of participation in religious observances with older age groups of the sample, being female, having a higher income, being unmarried, longer duration of residency in the United States, and not having been born in Mainland China. Higher frequency of participating in organized religious services was correlated with better quality of life. Conclusions: Religion is important among U.S Chinese older adults. Future longitudinal research is needed to explore aging and religiosity.